30mph after drinking during dry weather
You had been drinking alcohol, and so you hit the pedestrian. Even though you were driving at 20 mph, alcohol had slowed your reactions and increased your thinking distance. This meant that you were not able to stop safely when the pedestrian stepped out unexpectedly.
- Thinking Distance
- Braking Distance
- Overall Stopping Distance
Injury: Yes, the car hit the pedestrian.
In this scenario, it is likely that half of the pedestrians hit would be injured, and 1 in 20 would be seriously injured or hospitalised.
- This accident would have been prevented if the driver had not been drink-driving. The driver took longer to spot and react to the pedestrian, because s/he was impaired by alcohol. This resulted in a longer thinking distance, which meant that it took longer to stop. Re-run the simulator, without selecting alcohol impairment, to see how the thinking distance is reduced, and how this changes the result.
- Using a mobile phone also increases the thinking distance meaning that the driver takes longer to spot and react to the pedestrian. Re-run the simulator, and select mobile phone use instead of alcoholic impairment, to see how this changes the result.
- Wet weather increases braking distances. Re-run the simulator, and select wet weather, to see how much the braking distance is increased and how this changes the result.